The liver is one of the body's most important organs, performing hundreds of chemical reactions that allow the body to function. Because it secretes substances that are utilized by other regions of the body, it is also a gland. Because of these characteristics, the liver can be said as an organ and a gland. Moreover, the liver is the body's largest internal organ.
The liver is divided into two lobes and receives its blood supply from two places:
The portal vein carries blood from the stomach, intestine, and colon to the spleen, while the hepatic artery carries blood from the heart.
The liver serves a variety of purposes. It produces many of the chemicals the body requires to function normally and breaks down and detoxifies toxins in the body and acting as a storage unit.
The liver is in charge of regulating the majority of chemical levels in the bloodstream as well as excreting bile. This aids in the elimination of waste from the liver. All of the blood that leaves the stomach and intestines is filtered by the liver. The liver processes blood, breaking down, balancing, and creating nutrients, as well as metabolizing medications into easier-to-use forms for the rest of the body or that are nontoxic.
The liver carries out more than 500 important activities. Below are some of the more important functions:
By-products of the liver's breakdown of toxic chemicals are expelled in the bile or blood. Bile by-products pass through the intestine and exit the body as feces. The kidneys filter out blood by-products, which then leave the body in the form of urine.
The different diseases of the liver
Hepatitis is a liver ailment caused by a viral infection. It causes inflammation and damage to your liver, making it harder for it to operate properly. Hepatitis is contagious in all forms, but you can lower your risk by getting vaccinated against types A and B or taking other preventive measures, such as practicing safe sex and not sharing needles.
Fatty liver disease is caused by fat accumulation in the liver.
Fatty liver disease is categorized into two types:
Alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused by excessive alcohol consumption, whereas nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is caused by other factors. Experts are still attempting to understand.
Both types of fatty liver disease can damage the liver, leading to cirrhosis and liver failure if left untreated. Diet and other lifestyle modifications can help to alleviate symptoms and lower the chance of problems.
Autoimmune diseases occur when your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body.
Several autoimmune diseases cause your immune system to damage your cells and liver, such as:
Your liver can also be affected by a number of hereditary disorders that you inherit from one of your parents:
Liver Cancer begins in the liver. Secondary liver cancer occurs when cancer begins elsewhere in the body and spreads to the liver.
Hepatocellular carcinoma is a type of liver cancer. It usually manifests as a series of tiny tumors in your liver, although it can also begin as a single tumor.
Other liver illnesses, particularly those that go untreated, may contribute to the development of liver cancer.
Cirrhosis is the scarring of the liver caused by illnesses and other sources of liver injury, such as alcoholism. Cystic fibrosis and syphilis can both cause liver damage and, in the worst-case scenario, cirrhosis.
Cirrhosis is generally curable in its early stages by addressing the underlying cause. However, if left untreated, it can lead to more difficulties and even death.
Chronic liver failure occurs when a large portion of your liver is damaged and unable to function normally. Liver failure caused by liver disease and cirrhosis usually occurs gradually. It's possible that you won't experience any symptoms at first. However, over time, you may begin to notice: Jaundice, Diarrhea, fatigue or weakness, and nausea.
It's a serious condition that needs to be managed on a regular basis.
Acute liver failure, on the other hand, occurs unexpectedly, frequently as a result of an overdose or poisoning.
The symptoms of liver disease differ based on the underlying cause. However, there are several general signs and symptoms that could indicate liver disease.